Patients receive too little rehab therapy after stroke: Research

California [US], February 12 (ANI): According to a new UCLA-led study that followed over 500 patients across 28 acute care hospitals in their first year following a stroke, many patients do not receive much rehabilitation therapy after a stroke, despite overwhelming evidence that higher levels can minimise long-term disability.

The new study, published in the peer-reviewed journal Stroke, is the first to reveal that patients with more severe strokes received more rehabilitation therapy, which is a welcome finding.

"But in the bigger picture, the findings reinforce that too many patients are missing out on a golden opportunity to maximize recovery during a critical period following a stroke," said the study’s lead author, Steven Cramer, MD. Stroke is a leading cause of long-term disability in the United State and can affect speech, memory, and mobility, among other impairments.

"In the initial weeks after a stroke, the brain is ready to undergo maximum rewiring to get people back on their feet. Rehab therapy helps maximize this recovery, with higher rehab therapy doses helping more, but what we found in this study is that most patients are getting rather small doses of rehab therapy," said Dr. Cramer, a stroke neurologist and professor of neurology at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and the California Rehabilitation Institute.

Among the study’s key findings:Many patients tracked in this study did not receive any rehabilitation therapy after their stroke. After three months, about one-third of patients had not received physical therapy, almost half had not received occupational therapy, and over 6 in 10 did not receive speech therapy.

Those who did receive rehabilitation therapy typically had six to eight sessions by three months after their stroke — and between 0 and 1.5 sessions the rest of the year.

Where patients were sent the following hospitalization also mattered. Those who were discharged home had the lowest levels of rehabilitation therapy, regardless of the severity of their stroke.

Hispanic patients received disproportionately lower amounts of physical therapy and occupational therapy.

Cramer said it is important for future research to examine the feasibility of providing higher therapy doses to stroke patients. (ANI)